Interesting in the city of Gagarin
At the beginning of the 18th century, a small village was founded on the site where the city of Gagarin is now located. The name of this village has not survived to this day. Soon, the noble burghers and merchants erected their estates here.
The main attractions of the city were: Kazan Church and the pier. Until 1968 the city was called Gzhatsk, in honor of the river Gzhat, which flowed through its territory. In honor of those ancient times, and named our hotel. After the first Soviet cosmonaut conquered the vastness of space, it was decided to rename it in honor of Yu. Garagin, as he was from this place.
The modern city of Gagarin is the cultural center of the Smolensk region. Most tourists come here to visit the places where the most famous cosmonaut of the planet lived and studied. But this is not the only attraction of the city. There are several eras intertwined here.
On the streets you can see the wooden chambers and estates of merchants, which have become exhibition museums and are recognized as architectural value. Modern buildings harmoniously intertwined with historical sites. Walking through the city you can appreciate the beauty of the landscapes of local beauties.
Staying at the hotel Gzhatsk, we recommend to visit:
Church of the Icon of the Mother of God
Locals call the church Tikhvin. It was founded in 1841. The temple is part of the cathedral complex, which is located on a hill of the river Gzhat.
Memorial Museum Yu.A. Gagarin
The memorial museum began its history from the moment of its opening in 1948. At that time it was only one small hall with several expositions on local history. Today it is a large historical complex. It includes: the House of Gagarin’s parents, the Children’s Museum – the club “Games of Yuri Gagarin” and the House of Y. Gagarin in the village of Klushino. Here you can learn in detail about the life of Yuri Gagarin, his achievements, to see the personal belongings of the astronaut and his family. Location: Gagarin Street-74A.
House Y. Gagarin in the village Klushino
The locals are very proud that the first Soviet cosmonaut who conquered space came from Gzhatsk. All streets, squares, museums, monuments are dedicated to Yuri Gagarin, his family and an unforgettable feat. It was to perpetuate his name that the house in the village of Klushino was preserved.
Museum of the history of the first flight
The opening of the museum of the first manned space flight took place in 2011. This is a modern four-story building, which contains exhibits related to rockets, space, pilots, and everything connected with them. To date, exhibitions are held only two floors.
House of Gagarin’s parents
After Yuri Gagarin became famous throughout the world thanks to his feat. The government of the RSFSR decided to give his parents a small house in Gzhatsk. In 1961, the Gagarins family left Klushino. The house had three rooms, they still have kept the warmth and life of the Soviet era to this day.
The ruins of the estate Golitsyn
All that survived from the Golitsyn estate is a few walls and beamed floors between the floors. The building is located 25 meters from the city of Gagarin. This is the architectural and historical value of Russia.
In 2016, an art museum was opened in Gagarin. It is located in the estate, which previously belonged to the merchant Tserevitinov. In the halls exhibited paintings by local artists on the nature of the city and the Smolensk region. A separate room is occupied by exhibits on the theme of the Great Patriotic War and the cosmos. Location: Sovetskaya Street – 3.
Historical and Local Lore Museum
For a long time, the Museum of History and Local Lore was located in the church of the Sorrowful Mother of God. Here were collected exhibits telling about the merchant life of the Smolensk region. And after the first flight into space, the museum is one of the first to present an exposition on the theme “Man and space”.
The building of the former Zemsky manor
Before the revolution in the territory of Gzhatsk, the main executive body was the Zemstvo government. It consisted of a chairman and two deputies. The building of the council was located in a two-story merchant manor.
Merchant Cerevitinov’s house
The estate of the merchant Tserevitinov (now an art museum) is a large two-story house with snow-white columns in the halls. For a long time the building was empty, but after its full restoration, the art gallery of the city and the local history museum found shelter.
Memorial place – “Palace of Peter I”
In Gagarin there is a memorable place where the monument “Palace of Peter I” is installed. Here began the construction of the city of Gzhatsk and the pier, which transported grain. Peter called her “bread.” In 2012, it was decided to erect a monument to the great tsar on the left bank of the Gzhati River. Location: Lenin Street.
Church of the Epiphany (or as it was called in the old days – Kazan Church)
According to ancient chronicles, the Church of the Epiphany was built in 1743. During the private warrior was destroyed.
Almost all of the objects listed above, you can get around on foot. But the city has developed public transport, so if you want, you can use it. Just go to the first bus stop and the shuttle will not be long in coming.